At the United Nations summit on the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development on 25 September 2015, the international community approved the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. Through the 2030 Agenda, the international community has set itself the goal of putting an end to extreme poverty around the world by 2030 and of promoting sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 gives equal importance to the three dimensions of sustainability (social, ecological and economic). It is a great achievement that, after a long and complex negotiation process, all member states agreed on the common agenda, which establishes a shared responsibility to achieve sustainable development throughout the world.

Through its integrated and transformative approach to sustainable development, its worldwide validity (universality) and its broad system of objectives, the Agenda 2030 expands development cooperation, based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), to international cooperation for sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development constitutes the new general framework for international cooperation, providing political guidance at the national and international levels in favor of sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 revolves around five areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet, commonly referred to as the five P’s: people, planet, prosperity, peace andpartnership.

Potenciales de la minería para contribuir a la implementación de los ODS

Main thematic areas of mining and the SDGs

However, there has not yet been a strategic discussion between the countries and the stakeholder groups at national and regional levels regarding the role of mining in achieving the SDGs.


The potential of the mining sector to contribute to the implementation of the SDGs

The mining sector plays a critical role in the Andean region in implementing the Agenda 2030. In the mining sector, the three dimensions of sustainable development can be addressed in a balanced way and mobilize considerable human, physical, technological and financial resources to move towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Despite the various challenges, the mining sector offers many favorable starting points and framework conditions in the Andean countries and has great potential to make a fundamental contribution to the implementation of the Agenda 2030 in these countries.

Consequently, there is still a lot of potential untapped in the mining sector to contribute to sustainable development in the region at social and economic levels. So far, there is no common vision in the Andean countries on how to orientate their national mining industries in line with specific SDGs.

MinSuS program promotes the implementation of the Agenda 2030 and aims to support the Andean countries to develop the concepts required to orientate their national mining industries to specific SDGs and targets. For this, the program implements measures that strengthen regional cooperation among the Andean countries on issues of sustainability in mining, and that increase the contribution of the mining sector to the implementation of the Agenda 2030. At the same time, the MinSus program deals with potential risks that could hamper the achievement of the Agenda 2030. Overall, the MinSuS program assists the governments and other stakeholders in the region in relating mining and its effects to critical areas of sustainable development, that is, gender equality, participatory development and good governance, protection of the environment, trade development, climate change and adaptation to it, as well as peace and security.

Specifically, the MinSus program aims to contribute to the implementation of the following SDGs and specific targets:

Target 3.9 Substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.
ODS 5  Gender Equality. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
ODS 6 Clean water and Sanitation. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
ODS 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth. Promote Sustained, Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth, Full and Productive Employment and Decent Work for All.
ODS 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
Meta 12.2 Achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.
ODS 13 Climate Action. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
ODS 15

Life on Land. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

ODS 16 Peace, justice and strong institutions. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
ODS 17 Partnerships. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development