At the United Nations summit on the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development on 25 September 2015, the international community approved the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. Through the 2030 Agenda, the international community has set itself the goal of putting an end to extreme poverty around the world by 2030 and of promoting sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 gives equal importance to the three dimensions of sustainability (social, ecological and economic). It is a great achievement that, after a long and complex negotiation process, all member states agreed on the common agenda, which establishes a shared responsibility to achieve sustainable development throughout the world.
Through its integrated and transformative approach to sustainable development, its worldwide validity (universality) and its broad system of objectives, the Agenda 2030 expands development cooperation, based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), to international cooperation for sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development constitutes the new general framework for international cooperation, providing political guidance at the national and international levels in favor of sustainable development. The Agenda 2030 revolves around five areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet, commonly referred to as the five P’s: people, planet, prosperity, peace andpartnership.