Governance refers to the institutional setup and decision-making process related to natural resource management. There is a wide variety of governance frameworks in the Andean countries, ranging from concession agreements with private sector companies to state owned companies mining and processing the deposits. Similarly, differences exist in the management of rents received from the sector, the institutional setup to support and monitor mining activities, and the requirements imposed on companies. Despite these differences, the Andean countries face many common challenges in maximizing the benefits and minimizing the negative externalities of their respective mining sectors.
MinSus contributes to a better understanding of the mineral governance frameworks in the region and how these can better support the achievement of the sustainable development goals. A strong focus of the programme is placed on the exchange of lessons learned and best practices among the Andean countries.