This work addresses the following SDGs:
This document, developed between August 2020 and January 2021, identifies, and systematizes case studies where large-scale mining (LSM) projects have cooperated with artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in five Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru). The study addresses the simultaneous mining expansion of large-scale and artisanal and small-scale mining in the same territories. The study includes the following mining companies as case studies: Gramalote Colombia Limited (Colombia), Gran Colombia Gold Corp. (Colombia), C.I. Anexpo S.A.S. (Colombia), Lundin Gold Inc. (Ecuador), Minera Yanaquihua S.A.C. (Perú), Compañía Minera Poderosa S.A.(Perú), Minera Los Rosales S.A. (Perú), Empresa Minera San Lucas S.A. (Bolivia) and Empresa Nacional de Minería (Chile). This study proposes an analytical framework for future research on collaboration models between LSM and ASM. Four dimensions are proposed: geological competence, the value chain, the corporate dimension, and the relationship between the mining company and ASM.