The mining industry in the Andean countries has the potential for contributing to economic growth and social development as well as the environmental big push in pursuit of sustainable development, in line with the imperatives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In contrast to the positive aspects of the sector, it also presents widespread environmental damage, tremendous economic expenses, and social impacts, especially socio-environmental conflicts related to mining. Climate and environmental risks are pushing forward a global transition towards cleaner energy production and mobility, for which natural resources are needed. For the technological developments related with decarbonization, large quantities of minerals and metals will continue to be demanded, many of whom, such as lithium and copper, are widely present in the Andean countries, creating relevant challenges and opportunities for these countries. On the demand side, countries that are consumers of commodities are increasingly concerned regarding the development and certification of sustainable supply chains that respect human rights and the environment along the whole chain. Within this context, the 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are articulated as a common language and viewpoint amongst all stakeholders involved in mining supply chains in order to progress towards innovative solutions for a sustainable mining.
Thus, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has commissioned the GIZ and the BGR to jointly carry out the programme “Regional Cooperation for the Sustainable Management of Mining in the Andean Countries”. The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) is the regional partner.