The mining industry is able to provide a substantial contribution to the fulfilment of the high demands placed on the Andean countries by the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. Due to its longstanding great economic importance, the mining sector serves as a driving force to the region’s development. In contrast to the positive aspects of the sector, it also presents widespread environmental damage, tremendous economic expenses, and social impacts, especially social conflicts. Current, sustained low prices of commodities and a lack of transparency in fiscal policies, as well as the risk of illegal money flows in the mining sector are also barriers along the path to sustainable management of the mining industry in the region.
Increasing social environmental awareness and rising expectations for the responsible use of resources by producers and consumers also require a more transparent, socially acceptable, and participatory management of the mining sector.
. The Andean countries and a large segment of the sector recognize the need to avoid negative impacts and promote the responsible mining of resources. Even though the first steps have been taken towards a guide to the criteria for sustainability, at the national and regional levels in the mining sector there is still no joint discussion on the strategic focus of the 2030 Agenda through which the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be attained.
Thus, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has commissioned the GIZ and the BGR to jointly carry out the programme “Regional Cooperation for the Sustainable Management of Mining in the Andean Countries”. The UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) is the regional partner.