The mining industry is able to provide a substantial contribution to the fulfilment of the high demands placed on the Andean countries by the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. Due to its longstanding great economic importance, the mining sector serves as a driving force to the region’s development. In contrast to the positive aspects of the sector, it also presents widespread environmental damage, tremendous economic expenses, and social impacts, especially social conflicts. Current, sustained low prices of commodities and a lack of transparency in fiscal policies, as well as the risk of illegal money flows in the mining sector are also barriers along the path to sustainable management of the mining industry in the region. Increasing social environmental awareness and rising expectations for the responsible use of resources by producers and consumers also require a more transparent, socially acceptable, and participatory management of the mining sector.
. The Andean countries and a large segment of the sector recognize the need to avoid negative impacts and promote the responsible mining of resources. Even though the first steps have been taken towards a guide to the criteria for sustainability, at the national and regional levels in the mining sector there is still no joint discussion on the strategic focus of the 2030 Agenda through which the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be attained.
Thus, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has commissioned the GIZ and the BGR to jointly carry out the programme “Regional Cooperation for the Sustainable Management of Mining in the Andean Countries”. The UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) is the regional partner.
The objective of the programme is to provide support to the Andean countries in the establishment of conceptual and technical requirements for the alignment of their mining sector with the chosen Sustainable Development Goals.
The mining sector has great potential to foster the management of sustainable social development. The programme lends guidance to the Andean countries in harnessing this potential and promotes measures for boosting regional cooperation between the Andean countries in the mining industry and increasing the contribution of the mining sector to the fulfilment of the 2030 Agenda. Thus, challenges to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda should be recognized and overcome. The programme therefore aims to contribute to the fulfilment of the following SDGs and specific targets: Target 3.9. Reduction of Deaths and Diseases due to Environmental Impacts; 5. Gender Equality; 6. Clean Water and Sanitation; 8. Decent Work and Economic Growth; 9. Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure; Target 12.2. Sustainable Management and Efficient Use of Natural Resources; 13. Climate Action; 15. Life on Land; 16. Peace and Justice, and 17. Partnerships for the goals.
The programme is aimed at the promotion and implementation of international standards as well as the 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals. As a UN organization, ECLAC takes on a central role in the strategic and conceptual design of the programme and in the development of regional policies and strategies related to the fulfilment of the 2030 Agenda, and the programme is expected to have an impact at both the regional and national levels. Thus, possible solutions will be implemented and learning experiences from the partners exchanged regionally. The programme is a fundamental part of the multi-stakeholder approach and is actively working together with actors from governmental institutions, the private sector and civil society organizations. The close cooperation between GIZ and BGR makes it possible to address pertinent issues of the mining industry in a comprehensive professional and development policy.
The programme work is divided into three areas of activity: (i) Policies and Strategies, (ii) Stakeholder Governance and (iii) the Transfer of Technology and Innovation. GIZ assumes leadership of areas (i) and (ii), while BGR takes on the responsibility for area of activity (iii)
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